Energy Efficiency and Cleaner Production Centres in China
A pre-study of the establishment of energy efficiency and cleaner production centres in China was carried out by the Norwegian Energy Efficiency Group (NEEG) in cooperation with World Wide Fund (WWF) Beijing. The committee of China Energy Conservation Association (EMCA) has made the practical arrangements and participated in a fact-finding mission to China.
The rapid increasing energy demand is a severe threat to the local and global environment. Increased energy efficiency is a necessity to solve this problem. Lack of capacity and knowledge on the local level is a bottleneck in promoting increased energy efficiency. The objective of this pre-study is to investigate the possibilities of establishing / strengthening Energy Efficiency and Cleaner Production Centres in China.
A fact-finding mission was carried out in March 2005. Provincial authorities, Energy conservation Centres and selected industrial companies were visited in the Gansu, Guizhou and Shanxi provinces. The Norwegian Embassy, the National Developemtn and Reofrm Commission (NDRC) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Beijing were also visited.
The conclusions of this pre-study are:
- Capacity building by establishin new, or developing already existing Energy Efficiency and Cleaner Production Centres on the local level in the heavy industrialised provinces in the western part of China is possible, and may prove to be an efficient tool to promote energy efficiency and thereby reduce the growth of greenhouse gas emissions caused by the increasing energy demand.
- Transfer of experiences from other countries to the local level in China is strongly needed.
- NEEGs expences from the establishment and developemtn of 15 local energy efficiency and cleaner production centres worldwide is relevant to the context.
To succeed in energy efficiency capacity building in Western China, One has to rely on a cooperation between international, national and provincial stakeholders. It is our opinion that WWF, EMCA, Provincial authorities and Energy Conservation Centres have complementary competence and personal resources to cooperte succssfully.