China Electric Power Planning & Engineering Institute-Energy Industry Development of China
1. Energy consumption
In 2019, China’s total primary energy consumption was 3400 mtoe, a year-onyear increase of 3.3%. Energy consumption mix continues to improve, with non- fossil fuel consumption accounted for 15.2% of total consumption, up 4.9 percent point from 2015.
2. Energy supply
In 2019, China’s energy production rose steadily, reaching 2780 mtoe, an increase of 5.1% year-on-year. China is committed to building a clean and low-carbon multi-energy supply system, with non-fossil fuel production accounted for 17.8% of total production.
3. Electricity consumption
In 2019, the total electricity consumption in China reached 7200 TWh, a yearon-year increase of 4.5%; From 2015 to 2019, an average annual growth of the total electricity consumption in China is 5.1%. From January to August 2020, the total electricity consumption reached 4770 TWh, with a year-on-year increase of 0.5%.
4. Electricity supply
The total installed capacity in China grows steadily, and the power supply structure has been optimized gradually. By the end of 2019, China’s installed power capacity was about 2 TW, with the installed capacity of renewable energy accounting for 38.3%.
5. Energy technologies
Oil and gas: China owns leading technologies in oil and gas exploration, production and pipeline network construction, and has mastered the advanced ultra-deep well drilling technology. The application of Integrated Logging-WhileDrilling (LWD) technology has gained remarkable results, and the oil and gas storage and transportation solutions have achieved leap-forward development.
New energy technologies: Wind power, PV and other new energy technologies are developing rapidly. The economic exploitability of low-speed wind power is constantly improving. The 7 MW wind turbine of offshore wind power has been commercialized. The average conversion efficiency of solar cells is constantly improving.
Hydropower technology: China leads the world in advanced technology and rich experience in hydropower and pumped-storage project construction, survey and design, equipment manufacturing, construction technology and operation management.
Clean coal technologies: By 2019, total coal-fired power units that achieved ultra-low emissions amounted to about 890 GW, accounting for 86% of the total installed capacity. Some units have undergone “near-zero emission” retrofit, and the emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and dust are significantly lower than the ultra-low emission standards.
Nuclear power technology: China’s nuclear power development has been safe and efficient in terms of nuclear technology use. Hualong One third-generation nuclear power technology, large-scale advanced pressurized water reactor technology CAP1400, and nuclear energy heating technology etc. are in the forefront of the world.
Transmission technologies: China has developed ±800kV and ±1100kV UHV DC transmission technology and 750kV and 1000kV UHV AC transmission technology. Major breakthroughs have been made in terms of voltage level, transmission capacity and transmission distance.
Cutting-edge technologies: cutting-edge technologies such as energy storage, hydrogen energy and fuel cell continue to develop rapidly. By the end of 2019, the cumulative installed capacity of electrochemical energy storage has reached 1710 MW. By June 2020, China has 4.17 million new energy vehicles. With the rapid development of hydrogen energy and fuel cell industry, more than 15 hydrogen energy industrial parks have been established in more than ten provinces and cities.
Source: Selected from China Electric Power Planning and Engineering Institute “Annual reports on Belt and Road Energy Cooperation”, published on September 24th, 2020 with a launch event.