22 reports on “carbon neutral”
# Carbon neutrality #
Carbon neutrality refers to achieving net-zero carbon dioxide emissions. This can be done by balancing emissions of carbon dioxide with its removal (often through carbon offsetting) or by simply eliminating emissions from society (the transition to the “post-carbon economy”). It is used in the context of carbon dioxide-releasing processes associated with transportation, energy production, agriculture, and industry. Here are 22 reports with their download links.
01 China Zero-Carbon Electricity Growth in the 2020s：A Vital Step Toward Carbon Neutrality
In January, 2021, RMI (Rocky Mountains Institute) issued the report China Zero-Carbon Electricity Growth in the 2020s. The report takes a look at the economic and technical issues involved with China’s coming transition to zero-carbon electricity. It also examines the economic case for zero-carbon power, finding that solar and wind offer lower prices than coal or gas. It spells out what needs to be done to ensure that China maximizes these benefits.
02 Carbonomics China net zero：the clean tech revolution
This report is released by Goldman Sachs in January 2021. The report models the country’s potential path to net zero by sector and technology, laying out US$16 tn of clean tech infrastructure investments by 2060 that could create 40 mn net new jobs and drive economic growth.
03 Global Energy Perspective 2021
In January 2021, McKinsey & Company released its Global Energy Perspective 2021. The report predicts that total global demand for fossil fuels could peak in 2027. Specifically, global oil demand is likely to peak in 2029; Gas demand will peak in 2037. By 2030, green hydrogen will be cost-competitive with natural gas. Under the scenario outlined in the report, more than half of the world’s energy needs will still be met by fossil fuels in 2050, so countries will have to do more if the world is to stay on track with the 1.5C target.
https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Industries/Oil and Gas/Our Insights/Global Energy Perspective 2021/Global-Energy-Perspective-2021-final.pdf
04 Synthesis Report 2020 on China’s Carbon Neutrality
In December 2020, the Energy Foundation released the Synthesis Report 2020 on China’s Carbon Neutrality. The report highlights the key elements of a long-term strategy to achieve the 1.5C or 2C target, how the long-term low-carbon transition strategy can be more broadly integrated into a high-quality development agenda, and near-term measures to support the long-term strategic transition.
05 China’s New Growth Pathway: from the 14th Five Year Plan to Carbon Neutrality
December 10, 2020, Multiple Cities—Energy Foundation China launched a new report, China’s New Growth Pathway: from the 14th Five Year Plan to Carbon Neutrality, a major deliverable of our Long-Term Strategy Task Force. It provides an overall picture of the pathways which support China’s carbon neutrality goal and its new vision for growth and development. The report identifies both long-term sectoral strategies and near-term actions to prepare China to achieve carbon neutrality before 2060.
06 Accelerating the Net-Zero Transition: Strategic Action for China’s 14th Five-Year Plan
Released by the World Resources Institute, December 2020. The report lays out a vision for China to achieve deep decarbonization by 2050 and focuses on policy options for the low-carbon transition in the ongoing Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development.
07 The Global Status of CCS Report 2020
In December 2020, The Global CCS Institute released the report The Global Status of CCS Report 2020. The Report demonstrates the vital role of carbon capture and storage technologies (CCS) in reducing emissions to net-zero by 2050 as well as documenting the current status and important milestones for the technology over the past 12 months.
08 Zero-Carbon Targeted Integrated Energy Planning
In November 2020, the Rocky Mountain Institute released a report called Zero-Carbon Targeted Integrated Energy Planning. The report points out that cities, as the main source of carbon emissions, should explore innovative ways to reduce emissions in depth, explore zero-carbon energy transition at the level of new cities and new districts. Comprehensive energy planning for the development and construction of industrial parks is the core to achieve the zero-carbon goal of cities.
09 How will the upgrade of global ‘carbon neutral’ targets affect A-shares after Biden’s victory?
This report is issued by Essence Securities Research Center in November 2020.The report says Biden’s energy policies will put greater pressure on our country to reduce carbon emissions and promote the global process of reducing carbon emissions. China’s 2060 carbon neutral target means a steeper energy conservation and emission reduction path, which is difficult to achieve, and is expected to further strengthen policy efforts in energy conservation, acceleration of electrification, alternative clean energy, and development of carbon sequestration technology.
10 Climate Plan for China
In October 2020, the Boston Consulting Group released the report Climate Plan for China.
The report analyzes the carbon reduction targets China committed to at the 75th Session of the UN General Assembly in September 2020 and transforms it into a practical emission reduction path. It provides practical transformation plans and priority plans for key industries such as energy, manufacturing, and transportation.
11 Reaching zero with renewables: A summary for decision makers
Released by the International Renewable Energy Agency, September 2020. The report says that to avoid catastrophic climate change, all sectors of the economy need to achieve net zero CO2 emissions by the middle of the 21st century. This report analyzes how four energy-intensive industries (steel, petrochemicals, cement and lime, aluminum) and three major modes of transport (land, shipping, and air) can achieve net zero emissions by 2060 using renewable energy and related technologies.
12 Energy Technology Perspectives 2020
In September 2020, the International Energy Agency released the Energy Technology Perspectives 2020. The report points out that to achieve energy transition and climate goals, the world needs to significantly develop and deploy clean energy technologies. The report evaluates a range of different clean energy technology options to find viable options for achieving net zero emissions by around 2050 while ensuring the resilience and security of the energy system.
13 China 2050 A Fully Developed Rich Zero-Carbon Economy
In November 2019, the Energy Transition Commission and the Rocky Mountain Institute jointly released China 2050: A Zero-Carbon Vision for a Fully Modernized Nation.
The report lays out a vision of China’s economic growth reaching the level of a moderately developed country and achieving net zero carbon emissions by the middle of the century and provides detailed analysis of the economic and technological feasibility of achieving this blueprint.
14 Net Zero – The UK’s contribution to stopping global warming
The UK Committee on Climate Change published this report in May 2019 at the request of the UK, Wales and Scotland governments. In a reassessment of the UK’s long-term emissions targets, the report says the UK could set an ambitious new target to cut its greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050, thus ending its contribution to global warming within 30 years.
15 Net Zero Technical report
Released by the UK’s Committee on Climate Change in May 2019. The report provides a detailed analysis of each sector of the UK economy, considering both fluorine emissions and greenhouse gas removal, setting a date for the UK to reach its net zero emissions target and proposing changes to the long-term targets for Scotland and Wales.
16 The Carbon-Free City Handbook
In December 2017, the Rocky Mountain Institute released the “Carbon-Free City Handbook”. The guide provides 22 economically feasible actions for cities around the world to take to reduce emissions. It aims to encourage leading cities to translate strong emissions reduction commitments into concrete actions, while promoting sound urban economic growth, increasing urban resilience, and improving the life of their citizens.
17 Launch of the Outcome of the Research on China’s Long-term Low-carbon Development Strategy and Pathway
October 12th, 2020, the Climate Change and Sustainable Development Institute of Tsinghua University launched a conference on the Outcomes of the Research on China’s Long-term Low-carbon Development Strategy and Pathway, For the first time, the core findings of the project’s research report were published systematically, and a discussion was conducted on China’s carbon-neutral path.
18 Global Energy Internet Development Organization Carbon Neutral Report Series
In March 2021, the Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization held the China carbon peak carbon neutral results release and seminar in China, the meeting issued Carbon neutral in China before 2060, Carbon neutral in China before 2030 and the China 2030 energy and power development planning research and 2060 outlook.
19 Towards 2060 Carbon Neutral: Opportunities and Challenges on the Road to Decarbonization
On March 17, Beijing Institute of Green Finance and Sustainability and Hillhouse Institute of Innovation and Industry Studies jointly issued “towards 2060 carbon neutral – focus on the opportunities and challenges on the road of decarburization” research report, the report demonstrates the implementation of opportunities in 8 key areas related closely to “carbon neutrality”, including power, transportation, industry, new materials, construction, agriculture, negative carbon emissions as well as Information and digitalization.
20 World Energy Transitions Outlook: 1.5℃ Pathway
On 16 March 2021, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) released the preview version of the report “World Energy Transition Outlook: 1.5°C Pathway”, which Outlines the specific path the world can take to achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement and halt the pace of climate change by changing the global energy pattern. The report offers options for limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C and bringing carbon dioxide emissions close to net zero by mid-century, providing high-level insight into technology options, investment needs, and the socio-economic environment for achieving a sustainable, resilient and inclusive energy future.
21 UNEP：The Production Gap 2020; The Emission Gap 2020
On December 2, 2020, The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), The Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and other organizations jointly released The Production Gap, 2020, pointed out that to achieve the 1.5C global temperature control target, the world must cut The Production of fossil fuels by 6% each year. To limit global warming to 1.5°C or less than 2°C, as required by the 2015 Paris Agreement, the world needs to reduce fossil fuel production. Instead, countries continue to plan to produce coal, oil, and gas well above the temperature limits set by the Paris Agreement.
（The Production Gap 2020）
The Emissions Gap 2020
22 IPCC：Global warming of 1.5°C
The report released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on 2 December 2020 shows the importance of limiting global warming to 1.5°C. In the Paris Agreement, a historic achievement in combating climate change, countries committed to keeping the global average temperature rise to 2°C (3.6 ° F) above pre-industrial levels, and to working to keep it to 1.5°C (2.7 ° F). At the request of governments, the IPCC, relying on a number of the world’s leading climate scientists, has assessed the different impacts of 1.5°C and 2°C warming and the different emission paths to achieve these two targets.