World’s first floating wind farm starts generating electricity
On Oct. 18th, Statoil announced that world’s first floating wind farm has started delivering electricity to the Scottish grid, which will be able to power about 20,000 homes.
The Hywind Scotland Pilot Park is located 25 km offshore Peterhead in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, with five giant floating wind turbines and a total installed capacity of 30 MW. It covers around 4 square kilometers, at a water depth of 95-120 meters. Developed and operated by the Norwegian company Statoil in partnership with Masdar, this project has cost £190 million ($250 million).
According to Statoil’s executive vice president for New Energy Solutions, Irene Rummelhoff, the momentum is building around the potential for floating offshore wind technology to unlock deeper water sites – deepest 800 meters. The experience from Hywind Scotland project will bring new opportunities for the development of global floating wind power market.
Rather than using fixed foundations on or in the seabed to support the wind turbines, the project consists of a floating steel tube which is fastened to the seabed. According to Statoil, the key to technical innovation falls on the wind turbine blade. With ground-breaking technology on the blades, vibration due to wind, wave, and current could be reduced through their rotation, and the tower could be kept upright.
Scotland Now Powered by Floating Wind, http://www.offshorewind.biz/2017/10/18/scotland-now-powered-by-floating-wind/
The worlds first floating wind farm has opened off the coast of Scotland – here’s how it works, http://uk.businessinsider.com/hywind-scotland-glimpse-into-worlds-first-floating-wind-farm-2017-8/#they-are-designed-to-sit-on-the-surface-with-about-180-metres-above-water-and-up-to-80-metres-submerged-2
World’s first floating wind farm starts generating electricity, http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-41652707