National Energy Administration: Renewable energy will account for more than 50% of installed capacity by 2025.
According to Zhang Jianhua, director of the National Energy Administration, By the end of 2020, the total national installed capacity of renewable energy generation reached 930 million kW, accounting for 42.4% of the total installed capacity, an increase of 14.6 percentage points compared with that of 2012. Of this, the installed capacity of hydropower reached 370 million kW, wind power reached 280 million kW, solar photovoltaic (PV) power reached 250 million kW, and biomass power reached 29.52 million kW, ranking first in the world for 16, 11, six and three consecutive years respectively.
What stronger and more effective measures will be taken in the energy sector to achieve the goal of carbon neutrality? At a briefing held by the State Council Information Office(SCIO) on the 30th March, officials from the National Energy Administration asserted their views.
By the end of the 14th Five-Year Plan, renewable energy will switch from being the supplement of the increment of power consumption to being the main body of the increment of power consumption.
To ensure that the target of carbon peak and carbon neutral is achieved on schedule, under the guidance of the outline, what new features China’s renewable energy landscape will present in the future?
Li Chuangjun, director of the New Energy and Renewable Energy Sources Department of the NEA, outlined the following four features:
First, renewable energy will be developed on a large scale. Given the achievements during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the average annual installed capacity for renewables will witness a substantial increase during the 14th Five-Year Plan period, and the total installed capacity will be further increased. The installed capacity using new energy will make up over 50% of the country’s total by the end of the 14th Five-Year Plan period.
Second, renewable energy will grow to a significant proportion. The ratio of renewable energy to energy consumption will continue to increase. By the end of the 14th Five-Year Plan period, renewable energy is expected to account for around two-thirds of the increase in electricity consumption throughout society, and will account for more than half of the country’s primary energy consumption. Renewable energy will become a principal part of, rather than a supplement to, the increase in energy and electricity consumption.
Third, the development will be marketized. The market will further play a decisive role in allocating renewable energy resources. This year, wind power and solar PV power will start to deliver electricity at a price comparable to that of conventional electricity generation methods. There will be no subsidies, and their development will be market- and competition-oriented.
Fourth, the development will be of high quality. During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, we will step up efforts to establish a new-type power system that makes clean energy a central focus, thus to improve our consumption and storage capacities for renewable energy. We will achieve large-scale development in renewable energy, and realize high-level consumption and utilization of these energy resources, so as to ensure reliable and stable power supply, and to achieve a high-quality leapfrog development. We will Concentrating efforts to improve the flexible adjustment ability of the power system and construct a new type of power system with new energy as the mainstay
The construction of a new type of power system with new energy as the mainstay was initially proposed at the ninth meeting of the Central Committee for Financial and Economic Affairs. What problems will the new system mainly target? The large-scale integration of new energy into the power grid has demonstrated randomness, discontinuity and fluctuation, making it not easy to keep the real-time balance of the system. So how will NEA ensure the stable supply of electricity and the safety of energy?
According to Huang Xuenong, director of the Department of Electricity, to ensure the stable supply of electricity, NEA will focus on the following 5 aspects.
- Striving to build a power generation, supply, storage and sales system in line with the large-scale development of new energy to ensure the safety and reliability of electricity.
- Concentrating efforts to improve the flexible adjustment ability of the power system.
- Putting forth efforts to promote the interconnection and integration of power generation, the grid, load and storage, and improve the system efficiency to meet the diversified needs of various types of users.
- Striving to make technological breakthroughs in key technologies of the new power system, carry out experiments and demonstrations, and promote their application.
- Pushing ahead with the establishment of the electricity market, promoting innovations in systems and mechanisms, and building a market system for the new power system
Give full play to the role of planning in guiding and constraining, diversify the development of non-fossil energy
China has proposed that non-fossil fuels will account for about 25 percent of primary energy consumption by 2030. ” The task is indeed very arduous,” said Li Fulong, director of the Development and Planning Department and spokesperson of the NEA, he said that during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption in China increased from 12.1% to 15.9%, an average annual increase of 0.76 percentage points.
By 2030, the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption will reach around 25%. Over the next 10 years, this should increase by 0.9 percentage points per year on average, which is equal to an average annual increase of non-fossil energy of around 70 million metric tons of standard coal.
Li Fulong introduced that the next step will be to play the role of plans, guidance and regulations, diversified development of non-fossil energy.
“Under the condition of ensuring safety, we will take active and orderly measures to promote the construction of coastal nuclear power stations; continue to prioritize ecological conservation; develop and construct hydropower stations mainly on key river basins such as those in southwest China and the upper reaches of the Yellow River, with the firm goal of generating over 1.2 billion kW in 2030; and vigorously develop wind and solar power generation At the same time, we will promote the development and utilization of biomass energy, geothermal energy and other renewable energy according to local conditions,” said Li Fulong.
In addition to vigorously developing non-fossil energy, Zhang said he will also greatly advance the green energy use model, adopt stricter energy consumption standards, and support the replacement of fossil fuel energy and reform the ways energy is consumed in key sectors such as industry, architecture, and transportation.
We will push forward the development of photovoltaic integration and the green energy use model via new energy vehicles and accelerate the replacement of electric energy in heating and cooking to improve the level of electrification across the whole of society.
“National Energy Administration will vigorously develop renewable energy to turn it from a fresh force in the transition to green and low carbon energy to the main force in achieving peak carbon emissions and neutrality, providing a solid guarantee for building a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system.”
Zhang Jianhua said.
For further details of the conference, please click here
Source: National Energy Administration